When one hears the name weeping tile, it could evoke the image of flooring or even roofing in one’s mind. Interestingly enough, weeping tile is actually an intricate drainage system that removes moisture from the foundation of a home so that the basement does not flood. Weeping tile systems are good investments for homeowners that live in areas that receive a lot of rainfall annually, or even homeowners who have many plants and have irrigation systems. When water soaks into the soil and it becomes saturated it can lead to soil erosion, and from there it can cause shifting in the foundation of your home along with a multitude of other costly issues.
There are two types of weeping tile systems, and that includes the interior weeping tile and the exterior weeping tile system. An interior weeping tile system is located along the lowest points of the basement and typically run along the flooring. This helps manage the water that is located below or throughout the foundation. An exterior weeping tile system is located outside of the home along the foundation. As an interior weeping tile manages the water, an exterior system will prevent moisture before it is able to penetrate the foundation of your home. Both are good options, but both have pro’s and con’s as well.
In order for an interior weeping tile system to be installed, first there must be a trench along the perimeter. This will need to be created, and can be costly. Holes are then drilled into the concrete blocks within the trenches. From there, plastic pipes with holes are attached next to the trench so that water can pass from the foundation into the pipe, which will flow freely into the sump pump where it will be regulated. Once that part is finished, the professionals will install another level of concrete repair so that the overall aesthetic of the basement isn’t compromised by the appearance of the trenches. Some pro’s concerning an interior weeping tile system is that no damage is done to the outdoor landscaping of the home, it can be installed year round, it can be done faster and more cost efficient for the homeowner, and it also removes water from underneath the foundation to the sump pump. Some cons are that the basement is unlivable during the installation process, two feet of foundation of the basement will be exposed during the process, and that exterior sealant installation is necessary so that water does not leak through the masonry.
Different from an interior weeping tile system, an exterior system is formulated with a pipe system that surrounds the outer foundation of your home. These pipes are generally four inches in diameter and have man-made holes or slits that are punched into them. When it rains the water from the soil will move into these holes and will be carried on an incline to a sump pump or area of disposal. This means that it will safely be moved away from the home. More than likely, soil will make its way into your drainage pipes. To prevent clogging, most pipes are covered with a rot-proof system which also helps extend the life of your exterior weeping tile system. Some pros for an exterior weeping tile system is that the space in your basement will not be compromised, water pressure will not affect the homes foundation, and also all work is done outside of the home. Some cons are: some of your landscaping may get destroyed, water beneath the home is not drained with this system, and also costs for this type of system are usually higher.
Either system is a great way to prevent flooding in your basement. Contact a professional if you are looking to have a weeping tile system incorporated in your home.